Kidney Failure Kills 150 Yearly In Yobe Town – Medical Expert

Approximately 26 million American adults have chronic kidney disease and millions of others are at risk but may not know it. Kidney disease is often called the “silent killer,” because it has no symptoms until the advanced stage of the disease. In fact, one in nine Americans has chronic kidney disease and are unaware that they have it, because they do not feel ill.

The kidneys help our bodies remove wastes, fluids, and toxins; regulate the body’s supply of water and certain chemicals in the blood (such as calcium, sodium, and potassium); and release hormones into the bloodstream that help to regulate blood pressure, create red blood cells, and produce vitamin D – helping maintain strong bones. According to the National Kidney Foundation, the kidneys perform their life-sustaining job of filtering and returning to the bloodstream about 200 quarts of fluid every 24 hours.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs when the kidneys are damaged and unable to perform their cleansing and restorative functions. Over time, this can lead to a build-up of waste matter in the bloodstream, which makes us sick. Complications of CKD include high blood pressure, anemia, weak bones, nutritional deficits, and nerve damage.

Many health conditions can contribute to CKD, but the primary causes are two very common conditions: diabetes and high blood pressure. Diabetes and the accompanying high levels of blood sugar can damage the organs in the body, including the kidneys and heart. High blood pressure, or hypertension, can damage blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidneys. When these blood vessels are damaged, the kidneys are less effective at removing waste and extra fluid from the body. The excess fluid, in turn, raises blood pressure even more, which then increases the risk of chronic kidney disease – a vicious cycle. Sometimes, chronic kidney disease may progress to kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation.
What’s so challenging about this disease is that many people will have no symptoms in early in the disease progression.